Save Your Spot
CareWell Urgent Care Logo

Hormones and your health

August 25, 2019
Woman worried

Mention the word hormones, and it can strike fear in a female of almost any age. The reality of is that hormones have many important effects on women’s health. Estrogen and progesterone are probably the most well known because their influence on a woman’s reproductive health, but there are many other kinds of hormones that affect other aspects of a woman’s health—from energy levels, weight and much more.

Hormones: The reproductive years

Hormones are the drivers of human reproduction, responsible for sexual development and controlling the menstrual cycle. During their reproductive years, women have regular monthly menstrual periods because they ovulate regularly each month. Estrogen and progesterone are important for reproduction, but they play a key role in other bodily functions as well. For example, sleep, mood, bone health, and heart health are all affected by levels of estrogen. The equilibrium of reproductive hormones is important for overall health. When these reproductive hormones do not work as they should, fertility problems can occur.

 Other hormones involved in the menstrual cycle include:

  • Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) causes the maturation of an egg in the ovary.
  • Luteinising hormone (LH) Luteinising hormone (LH) stimulates the release of the egg.

For many women, PMS is the most common hormone-related problem in the reproductive years – in particular the mood-related symptoms: mild to moderate depression, anxiety, and mood swings. Mood swings and other symptoms do not necessarily indicate abnormal hormone levels. For help managing PMS, talk to your doctor options, such as birth control pills, that can help stabilize hormone levels. 

Perimenopause hormones

Perimenopause can begin as early as the late 30s or late as the late 40s. Perimenopause is when egg production dwindles and hormones levels change dramatically. The first thing that happens is irregular periods - a signal that ovulation is slowing. Estrogen levels will fluctuate and progesterone levels are diminishing, which can cause the dreaded mood swings, hot flashes, night sweats, and memory problems. The best defense against perimenopause symptoms is exercise and dietary changes. Speak with your physician about the best way to navigate the perimenopause years, especially if you are experiencing extreme symptoms.

Menopause and beyond

Menopause is defined as 12 months or more without a menstrual cycle. By this time the hormone fluctuations are pretty much over, but some symptoms can continue for years after your final period. It’s not unusual to find a woman who has entered menopause and is still dealing with hot flashes, mood swings, and sexual desire. Again, the best thing to do is to have an honest discussion with your doctor about your symptoms, their severity, and the best options to manage your ever-changing hormones. 

Care You Can Count On
View All Locations
Our Locations
1400 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
Save Your Spot in Line
380 John Fitch Highway
Fitchburg, MA 01420
Save Your Spot in Line
58 Bedford Street
Lexington, MA 02420
Save Your Spot in Line
922 Highland Avenue
Needham, MA 02494
Save Your Spot in Line
333 Southwest Cutoff
Northborough, MA 01532
Save Your Spot in Line
42 Washington St.
Norwell, MA 02061
Save Your Spot in Line
229 Andover Street (Rt 114)
Peabody, MA 01960
Save Your Spot in Line
Patriot Square 484 Rte. 134
South Dennis, MA 02660
Save Your Spot in Line
345 Main Street
Tewksbury, MA 01876
Save Your Spot in Line
535 Centerville Road
Warwick, RI 02886
Save Your Spot in Line
348 Greenwood Street
Worcester, MA 01607
Save Your Spot in Line
500 Lincoln Street
Worcester, MA 01605
Save Your Spot in Line
2024 Emergence Health Holdings. All rights reserved. Website Design by Healthcare Success