Prostatitis is swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland, a small gland situated directly below the bladder in men. The prostate gland produces semen to help transport sperm. About 10 percent of all men experience prostatitis symptoms, and it is the most common prostrate problem for men under the age of 50.
There are two main types of the condition: bacterial prostatitis (chronic or acute) or nonbacterial prostatitis. Bacterial prostatitis is caused by an infection. It is classified as chronic if it lasts for several months. Acute bacterial prostatitis begins and goes away quickly. Nonbacterial prostatitis is more common, but its cause is unknown. It is usually chronic and may be related to a previous urinary tract infection (UTI).
Prostatitis has a range of symptoms. The following are signs and symptoms that may occur:
- Painful, difficult and/or frequent urinating
- Blood in the urine
- Lower back pain
- Pain in the penis or testicles
Treatment for prostatitis depends on the cause and type. Antibiotics are prescribed if the cause is a bacterial infection. Drinking extra fluids to in order to urinate more often will aid in alleviation of prostatitis, as it helps get rid of the bacteria faster.
If you have any of the signs or symptoms of prostatitis, schedule an appointment at your nearest CareWell for further evaluation. Depending on your symptoms and their severity, you may be referred to a urologist for further treatment.